Samaria Gorge: Crete’s Majestic Passage through Time and Nature

In the heart of Crete’s majestic White Mountains, there exists a testament to the grandeur of nature, Samaria Gorge. This geological wonder, stretching a magnificent 15 kilometers, is the longest gorge in Europe, presenting an unparalleled hiking experience that combines natural beauty with a dash of history and culture.


Exploring the Geology

Samaria Gorge, Hiking Samaria Gorge, Crete excursions

Born from the ceaseless labor of the Omalos River over millions of years, the Samaria Gorge is a marvel of nature’s sculpting prowess. It’s lined with towering cliffs that reach an astounding 300 meters, and its narrowest point, the famed “Iron Gates,” narrows to a staggering 3 meters. The sense of awe as you stand amidst these vertical rock faces is both humbling and inspiring.


Historical Echoes

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A journey through Samaria is akin to a voyage through time. The trail is adorned with remnants of the past that whisper tales of Crete’s historical fabric. From Byzantine chapels with their weathered frescoes to ruins of Turkish fortresses, each landmark contributes to the rich narrative of this ancient island.


The Abandoned Village of Samaria

Samaria Gorge, Hiking Samaria Gorge, Crete excursions

Midway through the trail, you’ll stumble upon the ghostly remains of the abandoned village of Samaria. Up until the 1960s, this village was home to a small community who lived amidst the wild beauty of the gorge. Today, the stone houses lie empty, their inhabitants long gone, leaving behind a spectral tableau of past rural life in Crete.

Exploring these deserted dwellings, you get a tangible sense of the rustic lifestyle that once thrived here. The ancient church of Osia Maria, from which the village gets its name, still stands proudly, its stone structure a poignant reminder of a bygone era. This quiet, eerily beautiful village offers a unique opportunity to connect with the historical heritage of the region.


Biodiversity Hotspot

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Samaria is also a paradise for nature enthusiasts. The national park is home to a rich array of plant species, approximately 450, with about 20% endemic to Crete. This verdant expanse is also the sanctuary of the rare Kri-Kri goats, an emblematic species of the island, whose sightings add an exciting flavor to your trek.


Physical Challenge and Reward

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The trek is a workout, with an elevation drop of around 1230 meters. But the reward for this physical endeavor is an unparalleled view of some of Crete’s most stunning landscapes, making every step of this 5 to 7-hour journey worthwhile.


End of the Trail: Agia Roumeli

Agia Roumeli: Samaria Gorge, Hiking Samaria Gorge, Crete excursions

Emerging from the gorge, you are greeted by the tranquil coastal village of Agia Roumeli. A hidden gem nestled between the sea and the mountains, Agia Roumeli remains largely untouched by the wave of commercial tourism. Its pristine beaches with crystal-clear waters offer an inviting setting for a well-deserved rest and a refreshing swim.

Agia Roumeli isn’t just a finishing point, though; it’s a place of discovery. The village offers some charming local tavernas where you can reward your efforts with traditional Cretan cuisine, famed for its simplicity and the use of fresh local produce. The ruins of an old Turkish castle and a Byzantine church add a dash of history to your visit.


Options for Everyone: The Lazy Way

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If you’re someone who prefers a more leisurely exploration, or if a strenuous hike isn’t quite your style, don’t fret; Samaria still has plenty to offer. The “lazy way” allows you to enjoy the majesty of the gorge without the need for an extensive trek.

By taking a morning ferry from Sfakia or Sougia to Agia Roumeli, you can walk a short distance up the gorge to the famous “Iron Gates”. Here you can take in the breathtakingly narrow cliffs without having to traverse the full 15 kilometers.

And of course, Agia Roumeli, with its charming tavernas, historical sites, and refreshing beaches, is there for you to enjoy at your own pace. This way, you can still experience the beauty and tranquility of the area without committing to the full hike.


The Innovative ‘Ovgoro’ Mobile App

Samaria Gorge, Hiking Samaria Gorge, Crete excursions

The National Park Management Authority of Samaria in Western Crete, has developed a pioneering app called “Ovgoro,” as a part of the “Integrated Management of Samaria National Park” project.

The app uses Bluetooth Low Energy technology to guide visitors through seven interpreted trails in the White Mountains, providing them with immediate and concise information about the region’s natural and cultural heritage. The information is provided via Bluetooth beacons installed along the routes, requiring no internet connection.

The app is available for both Android and iOS users and can be downloaded via Google Play, App Store, or QR Code on the trail’s signposts and the Authority’s website. The project was implemented by OikoM Ltd. and funded through the Crete Operational Program 2014-2020.


Tips for the Adventure

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Hiking Samaria Gorge: Embarking on this adventure requires preparation. An early start helps avoid the crowds and the heat. Equipping yourself with water, snacks, sunscreen, a hat, and sturdy shoes is crucial. Above all, respect the gorge’s status as a national park and its delicate ecosystem by adhering to the ‘leave no trace’ principle.

For more tips visit the official gorge site:

Essential Tips for Conquering Samaria Gorge: A Hiker’s Guide

To ensure a safe and enjoyable experience, keep the following points in mind:

1. Hydration is Key: Carry at least 2 liters of water per person to stay hydrated during the 18km hike.
2. Sun Protection: Wear a wide-brimmed hat, sunscreen, and lightweight clothing to shield yourself from the sun.
3. Comfortable Footwear: Use sturdy and comfortable hiking shoes or boots with good grip to navigate the rocky terrain.
4. Snacks and Energy: Bring energy-rich snacks like nuts, fruits, and energy bars to keep you fueled along the trail.
5. Swimwear and Towel: Pack swimwear if you’d like to take a refreshing dip in the sea at the end of the hike.
6. Respect Nature: The gorge is a protected area, so please do not litter and stay on marked paths.


Getting There and Back

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Starting your journey to Samaria from Chania or Rethymnon, you have the option of using the daily bus service to Omalos, the starting point of the trek. Once you’ve completed your hike, regular ferry services from Agia Roumeli take you to Sfakia or Sougia, where bus services are available to return you to Chania or Rethymnon.

You may also opt for organized excursions that offer round-trip transfers, making your journey hassle-free. It’s a convenient choice, allowing you to focus on the experience of the trek while leaving the logistics to the professionals.



Samaria Gorge, Hiking Samaria Gorge, Crete excursions

Whether you’re a seasoned hiker ready to conquer the longest gorge in Europe, or someone who enjoys a laid-back exploration of natural wonders, the Gorge of Samaria welcomes you. It’s a testament to Crete’s diversity, offering a journey that suits every traveler’s style, energy, and curiosity.

At, we offer a great variety of Crete excursions, we’re here to facilitate that experience for you, ensuring you witness and enjoy all the magnificence Samaria Gorge and Agia Roumeli have to offer. Let us guide you through this grand spectacle. After all, Crete isn’t just a destination; it’s an experience, and we aim to make it an unforgettable one for you.



For information, please check the website:
Entrance Tickets and info:

Outposts at the Gorge of Samaria:
Tel.: + 30 28237 70046, +30 28250 91254 (every day from 7:00 – 16:00)

NECCA offices at Chania:
Tel.: +30 28210 45570 (Monday – Friday)

Information on public bus timetables, prices & ticket issuing Public Bus Service «KTEL Chania – Rethimnon»:
Information on ferry boat timetables, prices & ticket issuing Shipping Company «ANENDYK»: